About Thomas Merton
About the Society
Biography of Thomas Merton
Thomas Merton was born in Prades, France,
to artists, Ruth and Owen Merton. His early years were spent in the south
of France; later, he went to private school in England and then to Cambridge.
Both of his parents were deceased by the time Merton was a young teen and
he eventually moved to his grandparents' home in the United States to finish
his education at Columbia University in New York City. While a student there,
he completed a thesis on William Blake who was to remain a lifelong influence
on Merton's thought and writings.
active social and political conscience was also informed by his conversion
to Christianity and Catholicism in his early twenties. He worked for a
time at Friendship House under the mentorship of Catherine Doherty and
then began to sense a vocation in the priesthood. In December 1941, he
resigned his teaching post at Bonaventure College, Olean, NY, and journeyed
to the Abbey of Gethsemani, near Louisville, Kentucky. There, Merton undertook
the life of a scholar and man of letters, in addition to his formation
as a Cistercian monk.
The thoroughly secular man was about to undertake
a lifelong spiritual journey into monasticism and the pursuit of his own
spirituality. The more than 50 books, 2000 poems, and numerous essays, reviews,
and lectures that have been recorded and published, now form the canon of
Merton's writings. His importance as a writer in the American literary tradition
is becoming clear. His influence as a religious thinker and social critic
is taking its place alongside such luminaries as Dietrich Bonhoeffer, Flannery
O'Connor, and Martin Luther King. His explorations of the religions of the
east initiated Merton's entrance into inter-religious dialogue that puts
him in the pioneering forefront of worldwide ecumenical movements. Merton
died suddenly, electrocuted by a malfunctioning fan, while he was attending
his first international monastic conference near Bangkok, Thailand, in 1968.